SOLOVEICHIK, Lithuanian rabbinical family. (See Chart: Soloveichik Family). It is first heard of in Slobodka. (1) JOSEPH HA-LEVI SOLOVEICHIK was the parnas of the community and strove to have the 1758 prohibition forbidding Jews to live in Kovno rescinded. His son, (2) ISAAC, had two sons, (3) Moses and Abraham, who built the great synagogue of Williampol-Slobodka in 1772. MOSES was appointed rabbi of Williampol-Slobodka. Moses' son, (4) JOSEPH, became the son-in-law of Ḥayyim of Volozhin and was rabbi of Kovno. Joseph's son, (5) ISAAC ZE'EV, was appointed the official rabbi of Kovno. (6) joseph baer soloveichik was the son of Isaac Ze'ev, as was (7) ḤAYYIM SIMḤAH, whose only daughter married Feivel Holzberg, the father of Isaac Raphael Holzberg. (8) SIMḤAH HA-LEVI SOLOVEICHIK, son of Elijah Ẓevi, a son of (4), immigrated to Jerusalem, where he was known as Simḥah of London. (9) Ḥayyim Soloveichik was the son of (6). (10) SIMḤAH, also a son of (6), was appointed rabbi of Mogilev in 1911. (11) ZALMAN, son of (8), was a well-known Jerusalem communal worker. (12) MOSES, son of (9), was rabbi in a number of Lithuanian towns and then rosh yeshivah at the Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary (see yeshiva university ) in New York. (13) JOSEPH DOV, son of (8), was appointed rabbi of Spring Valley in 1933. (14) MOSES, son of (8), was a rosh yeshivah and rabbi in Switzerland. (15) Isaac Ze'ev ha-Levi   soloveichik soloveichik (1886–1959), son of (9), was a rosh yeshivah in Warsaw, succeeded his father at Brisk, and on immigrating to Jerusalem in 1941, founded a yeshivah for exceptional students. He was known as Velvele Brisker. He was regarded as the supreme halakhic authority by the extreme Orthodox section of the community. (16) joseph dov soloveitchik , (17) SAMUEL SOLEVEICHIK, a prominent chemist, and (18) aaron soloveichik were sons of (12). The literary output of this distinguished family has been remarkably meager, the result of a family tradition against publishing writings except under special circumstances. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Yahadut LitaTemunot ve-Ẓiyyunim (1959), index; Sefer Yahadut Lita, 1 (1959), index; 3 (1967), index. (Mordechai Hacohen)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • SOLOVEICHIK, AARON — (1917–2001), U.S. rosh yeshivah and noted Orthodox rabbinical personality. Born in Khaslavichy, Belarus, he was taken to Warsaw in 1920 where his father rabbi moshe soloveichik became head of the Talmud department of the Taḥkemoni rabbinical… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SOLOVEICHIK, MOSHE — (1879–1941), Orthodox rabbi. The son of a distinguished father, Rabbi Ḥayyim Soloveichik , and the father of distinguished sons, Rabbi joseph dov soloveitchik and Rabbi aaron soloveichik , learning was an essential component of his family life.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SOLOVEICHIK, ḤAYYIM — (known as R. Ḥayyim Brisker; 1853–1918), talmudist and predominant figure in Orthodox Jewry in his time. Soloveichik was born in Volozhin where his father Joseph taught at the yeshivah. At the age of 20, he married a daughter of Raphael Shapiro,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SOLOVEICHIK, JOSEPH BAER, OF VOLOZHIN — (1820–1892), talmudist and rosh yeshivah. Soloveichik was educated by his father, Isaac Ze ev soloveichik of kovno , and his great uncle, Isaac, son of Ḥayyim of Volozhin. While in Volozhin, he married into a wealthy family, but was shortly… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SOLOVEICHIK, ISAAC ZE'EV HA-LEVI — (1886–1959), rabbi of Brisk (Brest Litovsk), halakhist, and talmudist. Born in Volozhin, Isaac was the son of Ḥayyim Soloveichik , who was his only teacher and regarded him as his spiritual heir, who would continue that tradition of study which… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Soloveichik, Hayyim — (1853 1918)    Lithuanian talmudist, son of Joseph Baer Soloveichik. He was born in Volozhin, and taught at the yeshivah there from 1880 to 1892. Later he lived in Brest Litovsk, where he served as a rabbi. He developed a new trend in talmudic… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Soloveichik, Isaac Ze'ev — (1886 1959)    Lithuanian rabbi and halakhist, son of Hayyim Soloveichik. He was born in Volozhin, and became rabbi at Brest Litovsk in 1918 after the death of his father. During World War II he feld to Vilna, and he later settled in Jerusalem,… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Soloveichik, Joseph — (1903 96)    American talmudic scholar, son of Isaac Ze ev Soloveichik. He was born in Pruzhany, Poland, and grew up in Hasloviz, Belorussia. In 1932 he emigrated to the US, where he served as a rabbi in Boston. He became professor of Talmud at… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Soloveichik, Joseph Baer — (1820 92)    Lithuanian talmudist. He lived in Volozhin, where he served as joint rosh yeshivah with Naphtali Tzevi Judah Berlin. Later he became rabbi of Slutsk, and after a period spent in Warsaw (1875 8), of Brest Litovsk. His Bet ha Levi… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Ahron Soloveichik — Rabbi Ahron (Aaron) Soloveichik [It is common to find his name spelled other ways, but his preference was for Ahron rather than Aharon, Aaron, or Aron, and for Soloveichik without the letter t , which many other members of his extended family… …   Wikipedia

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